Afrikaans is a language derived from Cape Dutch, originally spoken by the Dutch farmers (Boers) living in South Africa. As the farmers established themselves in the Transvaal and Orange Free State, they encountered wildlife not known in the British-controlled Cape Colony, and gave several species common names that are still used today.
While scientific nomenclature for these species is still derived from Greek and Latin, the names that most of us know them by are derived from (or directly pulled from) Afrikaans.
Commonly referenced Boer-named species:
Through standardization of scientific names to almost exclusively Greek and Latin roots, science has a common language, known across country and cultural borders. However, in the English language (and many others), the common names for many species are directly pulled from their land of origin.
Knowing the etymology of the common names can sometimes tell you just as much as the etymology of the scientific names - what an animal was known for, where it was from, who encountered it the most, and what it signified to them often are implied in the names we sometimes dismiss because they’re “unscientific”. Knowing the cultures that knew the species well, and understanding the history of the species in relation to humans, can be the difference between extinction and preservation at times, and can be quite interesting, aside from that.
Not included above: Blesbok (“blaze antelope”), bontebok (“mottled antelope”), dassie (“badger”), grysbok (“grey antelope”), korhaan (“black grouse”), leguaan (“iguana”), padloper (“pathwalker”), platanna (“flat-handed”), skaapsteker (“sheep pricker”).
Wine Gallon: The “wine gallon” (also known as “Queen Anne’s Gallon”) is the same as the US gallon, though with a different definition, and contains ~8.34 lbs of water. The old imperial gallon that was adopted in the UK in 1834 contained 10 lbs of water. Though it’s still sometimes used in advertising, neither the EU or Canada officially have a “gallon” measurement anymore; everything is metric, and litres are the standard.
Units of measurement relative to the wine gallon were used in many old pharmacological recipes, primarily on the production end. Even recipes that used hard liquors or non-alcoholic syrups as a delivery method generally used this system, until pharmacology became more standardized in the late 19th century.