Demonstrating the ways to remove the breast, including scalpel, rope-saw, and cauterization iron. Also showing the ways to support/correct hernias in the male.
Have cancer? Have growths? Yeahhh pretty much anything other than tumors on the skin surface, you’d just have the entire body part cut off. Later on, excision of various bone sections was quite common, so instead of having, say, your lower leg cut off because of bone cancer or the like, you could just have the portion that was malignant cut out, and have the rest of the bone left in there. And after that, you would only need a platform shoe, instead of an entire prosthetic leg.