The Sand Piper, The Ruff, The European Curlew (Numenius arquata)
The Eurasian [European] Curlew is currently not an uncommon bird in Europe, and is known as simply “the curlew”, or, in Scots, the whaup.
The breeding population has decreased by almost 80% in recent years, and though the population is still large, it’s considered to be Near Threatened. The rate of decline has slowed notably in recent years, but hunting of the bird in its southern range of African and Asian coastal areas is still prevalent.
This is now considered a protected bird in one of its year-round homes, Ireland. Unlike the other curlews, Eurasian curlews are willing to settle in climates that are relatively temperate year-round, and have a permanent population throughout the United Kingdom and the British Isles.
The Animal Kingdom Arranged According to its Organization, Vol I: Mammalia-Birds. Baron George Cuvier, 1834.