Top: Female and male bear
Bottom: Female and male wolf
The physician Sextus Placitus wrote an extensive materia medica during the last days of the Roman Empire. His materia medica was largely composed of the supposed uses of various animals in treating illnesses, and has some of the most colorful “treatments” out there. For example, he recommends boiling and consuming a small puppy to relieve colic.
Yeah. He was one of those sorts of “physicians”.
Liber medicinae ex animalibus. Original text by Sextus Placitus ca. 390 CE, transcribed and illustrated ca. 1400 CE.