Wine Gallon: The “wine gallon” (also known as “Queen Anne’s Gallon”) is the same as the US gallon, though with a different definition, and contains ~8.34 lbs of water. The old imperial gallon that was adopted in the UK in 1834 contained 10 lbs of water. Though it’s still sometimes used in advertising, neither the EU or Canada officially have a “gallon” measurement anymore; everything is metric, and litres are the standard.
Units of measurement relative to the wine gallon were used in many old pharmacological recipes, primarily on the production end. Even recipes that used hard liquors or non-alcoholic syrups as a delivery method generally used this system, until pharmacology became more standardized in the late 19th century.
Putting aside the major strides forward the Egyptians made in establishing medicine, some of their cures were still pretty wild, even without the mysticism aspect. A few of them (from the writings of Herodotus, the Kahun Gynecological papyrus, and the Ebers and Edwin Smith papyri):
Well, ancient Egypt may not have had treatments quite as bizarrely specific and complicated as medieval Europe, but they certainly had their fair share of odd “treatments”.