Splanchnology - The study or discourse of the viscera (guts) - Greek: Splanchn(o), “viscera”.

Stomach (organ) - From Latin stomachus, “throat, gullet, stomach” [also “pride, indignation”, since those emotions were believed to arise from the stomach]. Derived from Greek stomachos, “throat, stomach”, literally an extension of stoma, "mouth, opening"
Pertaining to the stomach - Gastr(o)-, Ventr(o)-

Abdomen - “Belly fat”, from Latin abdomen, meaning, well, what it does today. Ultimate origin of the word is unknown.
Pertaining to the abdomen - Laparo-, Abdomin(o)-, Ventr(o)-

Digestion - From Latin dis-, “apart”, gerere, “to carry”, “to assimilate food in the bowels
Pertaining to digestion - -pepsia

Lungs - From Old English lungen, from Proto-Germanic *lungw-, literally “the light organ”, legwh-, “not heavy, having little weight”. Probably from the fact that lungs float when put in water (and other organs do not).
Pertaining to the lungs - Pulmo-, Pneumo-

Liver - From Proto-Indo-European (PIE) *liep-, “to stick, adhere, fat”
Pertaining to the liver - Hepat(o)-, Hepatic, Jecor- (uncommon)

Pancreas - From Greek pankreas, "sweetbread", from pan-, “all”, and -kreas, “flesh”, presumably from the fleshy, uniform nature of the pancreas.
Pertaining to the pancreas - Pancrea-

Kidney - From Middle English kidenere, origin unknown. Possibly from cwið , “womb”, and ey, “egg”, for its shape.
Pertaining to the kidney - Nephro-, Ren(o)-

Intestines - From the Latin intestina, “inward, intestine”, from intus, “within, on the inside”. [Old English for the organ was hropp, “rope”]
Pertaining to the intestines - [Small intestine] Enter(o)-, Duoden-, Jejeun(o)- [Large intestine/Colon] Col(o)-, Sigmoid-

Spleen - From Greek splen, "the milt, spleen". From PIE *splegh-, “milt” [Note: “Milt” - fish sperm - got its name from the Proto-Germanic name for spleen, but the word once meant “guts” in general]
Pertaining to the spleen - Splen(o)-

Gall bladder - Gall from Old English galla, “gall, bile”, from PIE root *ghel- "yellowish green, gold". Bladder origin the same as urinary bladder. 
Pertaining to the gall bladder - Cholecysto-, [Bile] Chol(e)-

Bladder - From Old English bledre, “urinary bladder, cystic pimple”, from PIE root *bhle-, "to blow" [same root as "blast"!]
Pertaining to the bladder - Vesic(o)-, Cyst(o)-

Learn more about medical and biological etymology on Biomedical Ephemera!

[Images from Historical Anatomies on the Web]

[Etymologies from Online Etymology Dictionary, who you should love and give money to]

2,662 notes

Show

  1. valeria-kaidonovsky reblogged this from biomedicalephemera
  2. jeanfigueroa reblogged this from galactic-space-monkey
  3. galactic-space-monkey reblogged this from biomedicalephemera
  4. readywhips reblogged this from biomedicalephemera
  5. un-lucky-devil reblogged this from graveyardrabbit
  6. graveyardrabbit reblogged this from biomedicalephemera
  7. defendthechibi reblogged this from anatomicalart
  8. midgetmonkey reblogged this from zygoma
  9. hanni-o-canni reblogged this from verschleppen
  10. verschleppen reblogged this from anatomicalart
  11. rambles93 reblogged this from fuckyeahmedicalstuff
  12. fdd3d5 reblogged this from valtiels
  13. imburdenedwithgloriouspurpose reblogged this from anatomicalart
  14. ancientaliencow reblogged this from zomso
  15. primumnonnoceree reblogged this from myanatomicallife
  16. myanatomicallife reblogged this from anatomywarehouse
  17. tmoorse reblogged this from zygoma
  18. grtgrtlqq reblogged this from biomedicalephemera
  19. ktyl reblogged this from afteryourdeathormine
  20. ayyybeeecici reblogged this from kurenaiwataru
  21. thedanstore reblogged this from anatomicalart
  22. redheadinrapture reblogged this from thewildfluff