Top: Chamaesaura anguina - Cape Grass Lizard
Bottom: Triblonotus Novae Guineae [now Triblonotus graicilis] - Red-Eyed Crocodile Skink
Despite looking a lot like a snake, the barely-legged Chamaesaura anguina is definitely still a lizard. It has spike-like “legs” that it uses to “swim” through the grass, but it otherwise moves in a fairly snake-like motion when on solid surfaces. The grass lizards are found in South Africa, especially in the Transvaal region.
The red-eyed crocodile skink is also unique. It is one of the few reptiles to vocalize when distressed, exhibits very non-skink-like mother-child social groups, and the males will battle for territory and females, much like crocodiles. Even though their name derives from their rough, crocodile-like skin, the first Europeans to encounter them gave them a more apt name than they knew. Also unique about them: they reflexively “play dead” when startled, even in domesticated situations.
Bilder-atlas zur wissenschaftlich popularen. Leopold Fitzinger, 1867.