Could you post some stuff about migraine auras? I used to get an aura before a migraine (this sort of sparkly streak in the vision of my left eye). For the last few years though I only get the aura, and maybe a very mild migrane (or no migrane at all). What's up with that? (And I am just realising the aura is always on the left, so that's got to mean something too, right?) Thanks!
And the way that migraines work, it’s common to both “grow out of them” (if they started before 30, and especially before 25) and for aura-only migraines to be common before that point.
While it’s clearly a relief for most people to not have the debilitating headache, it’s still important to pay attention to the aura, because in addition to (possibly) signalling an oncoming headache, it also distorts the senses, and you don’t want to keep driving or operating heavy machinery as if nothing’s happening while you deal with it.
As for it occurring on the left side…maybe? But probably not something significant. If it gets worse or more frequent, you obviously want to see a doctor, because some migraine symptoms are also shared with more serious conditions, and people who have migraines are at the same risk as others of having other serious brain conditions, such as aneurysm and tumors. Not that it’s likely, but you always want to make sure to rule things like that out.
do you have any health tips? how to stay healthey/get healthy/mistakes people make etc?
Uhhhh 1. Not a doctor, and 2. nothing I say here should be taken seriously, but sure!
ARALLYN GIVES HEALTH TIPS
Make sure it’s water! H2O is much more satisfying than H2O2.
Don’t pet platypodes, at least if they’re male. They’ll venom-spike your butt.
Heavy water will kill you if you drink it exclusively.
Don’t offend the giraffes.
Eat your kale! I don’t know why but people keep telling me that it’s “good for you”, so do that.
Mostly don’t listen to people who tell you what’s “good for you”, cause humans are mostly dumb. If they’re a doctor they might not be as stupid, but if they’re trying to sell you something, you still might not want to listen to them.
Try to keep the alcohol content in your blood under half of your total volume. I hear it’s essential to life.
Don’t be an asshole. It can lead to being punched in the face. THAT’S not healthy.
In the words of my grade 9 health teacher, “THE ANUS DOES NOT SELF-LUBRICATE” (no, really, that was her one consistent line throughout the semester)
Remember that you need to eat and bathe when you get engrossed in video games. Also move! Moving is good for you.
DON’T TRY TO LIVE ON PIZZA HUT FOOD. IT WILL MAKE YOU DEAD.
Hey, just began reading your blog and I absolutely love it. I just wanted to ask about what qualifications you have (university degree wise), due to your obvious extensive knowledge, or if its just research you've done on the internet?
I have 4.5 out of 5 years finished on a dual Dairy Science and Microbiology degree. However, most of the stuff I post on here comes from a lot of research online, and knowing how to find *accurate* sources with reliable information.
Not to say everything I post here is totally correct (as always, corrections are welcome, so long as you’re civil), but most of the time, mistakes are on stuff I mis-typed or didn’t have the most recent research on.
Friendly reminder that I am not a doctor, and even if I were, nothing I say on here constitutes medical advice or opinion. It’s for fun. Can’t you just have fun for an hour, without trying to diagnose that mystery boil? I think you’ve earned it! So sit back, relax, and enjoy the posts.*
Hi, I saw your recent post that had to do with the renal connections to the urinary system. I have Orthostatic Proteinuria-normal amounts of protein in a persons urine through the night, but an increase through the day. I was wondering if you could post about this semi-normal condition. Some questions like what are the causes, what does this mean for the future, or of any other effects. As far as I know, a good percent of the population has this, but for me, I am interested in more information.
Well, due to activity/standing/walking about during the day (leading to more muscle activity/breakdown), everyone’s urine protein content increases during the day, but in orthostatic proteinuria, it just increases more than what’s considered “normal”. Since there are no clinical signs of disease in this condition, most people who have it don’t know it, so it’s hard to say what exactly the long-term effects of it are, since we don’t really know the true percentage of healthy people who have it.
While someone who has this for their entire life is unusual, many people going through growth spurts or who have bodies still adjusting to adulthood end up showing increased albumin excretion (the primary protein excreted in urine) until their late 20s or early 30s.
If it persists beyond then, it appears to have a strong correlation with an increased risk of kidney stones (mitigated by never getting dehydrated) and may have an association with an increase in kidney disease/failure at 60+ years, but that is weaker with its correlation, and is not thought to be directly causative.
All in all, it seems to just be a variation on “normal” - most people who have it never experience any kidney problems or symptoms, and it often goes away in time.
Do you know anything about how chronic fatigue syndrome is caused by viruses such as Epstein Barr? And in your opinion what sort of direction should research be going in to help treat people with the illness? Thanks your blog is spot on!
Well, from the most recent studies, while there’s a post-viral syndrome occasionally associated with EBV, it seems that EBV in and of itself is not a causative or strongly associated organism when it comes to chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). The fact of the matter is, most people get exposed to Epstein-Barr during their childhood, and while it doesn’t always cause disease, the presence of antibodies to the virus doesn’t necessarily mean anything.
It’s been a while since I’ve looked deeply into virology, and for as much as I love it, I have no idea where it stands right now when it comes to CFS. I know that there are various autoimmune conditions and other viral infections being investigated to see if they have any correlation (or causative mechanism) related to CFS.
I do know that there’s been a recent emergence of fatigue-specialized doctors in my area - while it’s not a board-certified specialty yet, hopefully it’s still good news for those with fibromyalgia, CFS, and infectious causes of fatigue.
Do you know why in kidney transplants the recipient doesn't have the non functioning kidney removed but rather has the donor organ added in? I know unless it is diseased it's just kept in but not sure why?
Less risk, in short. There are inherent risks involved in removing an organ, whether or not it’s going to be replaced. In many cases, the existing kidneys may not function well, but do have a minimal amount of processing power, and still have a full blood supply. As an additional kidney can be added into the urinary system with less fuss than full replacement, and less overall risk, even if the recipients kidneys are completely non-functional. If the recipient kidneys are going haywire, however, and are sending out all sorts of bad signals or harboring cancers or incurable disease, they’re removed.
Adrenal failure can also occur when adrenal glands are removed from their kidney hosts (as happens when recipient kidneys are removed - often the adrenal glands are not affected by kidney disease), and adding lifelong adrenal supplements to an already-large number of immunosuppressant drugs needed after transplantation is not exactly ideal.
"Piggybacking" or heterotopic transplantation is also occasionally used in heart transplants, particularly when it’s a pediatric patient who is not receiving donor lungs at the same time. It’s also been used in liver transplants in very select cases. However, both of those surgeries are non-standard, and require very experienced surgeons at specialized transplant centers.
Yo I was just diagnosed with PFAPA, do you know anything about it?
Yikes, have fun with that? At least it’s not contagious, unlike most forms of aphthous stomatis (like cold sores).
I assume to be diagnosed with this condition, you’ve already been tested for Epstein-Barr and cytomegalovirus, but as you’ve seen, it can mimic those two viruses (which many people know from having mono) combined with cold sores (painful little mouth ulcers that hurt much more than their size would suggest they should).
PFAPA, to those who don’t know, is Periodic Fever, Aphthous Stomatitis, Pharyngitis and Adenopathy, and generally presents as, well, exactly what its name implies - periodic fever, “cold sores”, sore throat, and swollen lymph nodes (most often in the throat, just like in mono). It usually lasts a few days at a time, several (3+) times a year.
Generally, it seems to be an autoimmune reaction to a previous infection, and what it isn’t, and how it responds to symptomatic treatment tend to be the defining factors for diagnosis. Once the viruses and genetic or autoimmune conditions that cause similar symptoms are excluded, the patient is generally given a prednisone injection when the fever flares again - if the fever decreases immediately, the patient is diagnosed with PFAPA.
While most patients are diagnosed between 3 weeks and 7 years of age, and the condition almost always resolves on its own by 10 years old, teens and adults are occasionally diagnosed. Teenagers often overcome the condition on their own, though it may take up to two decades. Adults sometimes never overcome it, though their ability to self-treat with prednisone injections and anti-inflammatory medications can minimize the impact to their professional and personal lives.
why do house centipedes in contact with humans live longer?
Ooh, that was poorly worded of me - I meant that while there are some VERY long-living arthropods out in the wild (especially insect queens, which can sometimes live decades), humans don’t regularly come into contact with any bugs that live longer than house centipedes.
The most commonly encountered house bugs in temperate climates are fruit flies (which live a few days to several weeks), other flies (several weeks to a couple months), ants (several weeks), and house spiders (most live up to a year).
So with its lifespan being 3+ years, house centipedes often out-stay renters in apartments, if they’re not killed off.
Hirsutoid papillomas (pearly penile papules - sometimes mistaken for Tyson glandulae, and which affect up to 30% of males aged 20-40 years) are uniform, arranged in rows, and do not have any other HPV symptoms. They can last and recur over many years, while HPV infection is self-limiting to under two-years. They’re also harmless.
Syphilis causes open or ulcerative sores, swellings that go away and then present secondary symptoms, is non-uniform (like HPV), and has easy cures and testing available.
Hey! Do you live in Wisconsin? Or does Ale Asylum actually export their stuff around the country? (They’re a Wisconsin brewery I think)
Grew up in Madison! Just a couple minutes away from Ale Asylum’s first brewery (where Karben4 brews these days). They set up when I was in high school, but I never really knew their products until my brother would bring them home over the summer when I was in college. Ale Asylum only exports as far south as Northern Illinois, and I don’t think they export to Iowa or Minnesota. It’s too bad.
I am only 13 but I have many pimples andI am afraid that after puberty nothing will change.. do you think there's still hope for me? (I am a girl)
Guess what? Between the ages of 11 and 30 (between 9 and 28 in females), 85% of people develop acne to the point where it causes stress in their lives. That’s not even counting people who develop it but somehow manage to not care.
It’s more common in women than in men, though the mechanism as for why is not really agreed upon (since it appears that, in animal models at least, testosterone supplementation causes more significant dermatological problems than estrogen and progesterone). My husband still has scars from it on his face, and still gets it on his back. Hell, I still get it when I’m stressed out.
[I don’t know how well it shows up, but this is from just a year and a half ago and i had little zits all over my cheeks and big ones on my chin here, after about a year of nothing whatsoever]
Try to use drugstore products as recommended - I’ve seen a lot of relatives and friends use them once and expect results, but that’s just not how skin works. If that doesn’t help at least to some degree after a fortnight, see a dermatologist. They really do help!
If nothing else, don’t pick at your skin, and don’t pop zits - chances are that you will probably not have to deal with it by the age of 17 or 18 if you are female and not on testosterone supplementation.
and hey! be glad you’re not living in the 1800s…acne scars used to frequently be a sign of lower-class living (as many vocational diseases caused dermatological diseases which had acneform presentation) or venereal disease. These days, it just means you’re a teenager.
But, uh, good luck with that whole “being a teenager” thing. Cause it isn’t exactly the most pleasant part of life to exist within. Trust me. I’ve been there recently.
Hello there ! Recently, I saw a video about heart transplant and you might have seen it too. And I've always wondered : How do they manage to get pass the ribs ? Do they cut/break it ? Sorry if my question is dumb, answer may be obvious but... I'm kinda lost.. (Sorry if my English's not correct... Not my primary language. Greetings from France though :) )
This is a costotome! It has two lever-action jaws: one jaw grasps the rib, while the other cuts it!
This is used to cut the cartilage between the ribs and sternum. This is often used in lung surgery.
For open-heart surgery, a sternal saw is more often used.
The sternum (breastbone) is split using this saw in order to access the full thoracic cavity, after which the lungs and ribs are retracted, and the surgery is performed. The sternum is then re-joined.